Features of Modern Political Science
Modern political science, also called recent political science, emerged mainly after the Second World War with the Behavioural Revolution; before describing its difference from traditional political science, we will know its characteristics. Following are the main features of modern political science--
Traditional political science was institutionalist, whereas modern political science is practical. It studies the entire political behaviour of human beings apart from the structure of government and its institutions. As a result, today, the main subject of study of political science has become the behaviour of man instead of the state; it emphasises politics beyond the state.
Modern political science wants to make its subject scientific and precise. It examines and analyzes political events and facts tightly on the test of scientificity. For this, they use them in political science by taking new study techniques from natural sciences and social sciences.
Modern political scientists are trying to make their subjects more predictable. This is being done to make the subject useful and relevant.
4. Goal of theory formulation
Modern political science aims to develop the theoretical communication of politics. Based on this, it discovers and analyzes political events and facts. Through this analysis, make generalisations and, based on generalisations, they finally build the theory. In short, the ultimate goal of modern political science is theory formation.
Modern political science is considered almost worthless. Since its emphasis is on a scientific and precise subject, the political analysis makes the study of human values such as morality, liberty, etc., which have been observed or can be observed.
Modern political scientists do not blindly accept the principles of politics; they emphasise their more accurate analysis and verification by factual evidence. In short, they are ready to accept only those political theories and conclusions which can be properly verified.
Objectivity is the biggest test of modern political science; today's political scientists want to change their subject from imagination and thinking and give it a form of reality. To achieve objectivity, emphasis is placed on using a variety of techniques used in the natural and social sciences in political science.
Modern political science is interdisciplinary. It looks at human life and activities as a whole, of which political life is only one side. Other aspects of human life, actions, and practices influence political life and behaviour. As a result, modern political scientists establish close relations with other sociologists and use their subjects, methods of study, and techniques to a great extent.